encomienda traducción | diccionario Español-Inglés

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encomienda  

      sf  
1    (=encargo)   charge, mission
2    (=elogio)   praise
3    (=protección)   protection
4    (=patrocinio)   patronage
5      (LAm)   (=almacén)   warehouse
6      (LAm)   (=paquete postal)   parcel  
  encomienda contra reembolso   parcel sent cash on delivery
7    encomiendas  
arcaico   regards, respects
8      (Hist)   colonial grant of land and native inhabitants to a settler   colonial grant of land and native inhabitants to a settler  
9      (Hist, Mil)   command   (of a military order)     
ENCOMIENDA     
The encomienda was a repressive system fixing the Spanish conquistadors' entitlement to labour and tribute from Indian communities. Although the Indians theoretically remained free subjects of the Spanish Crown, in practice they were enslaved to the encomenderos (those having encomienda rights). One of its most celebrated opponents was the Dominican friar and former encomendero Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas (1474-1566). In 1542, in response to protests from the Church, and fearful of the growing power of the encomenderos, Charles V brought in laws aimed at phasing out the system. The Spanish settlers rebelled, but the Crown held fast to the central principle that encomienda rights should not be hereditary.  
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"Collins Spanish Dictionary 8th edition published in 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005"