The preposition is pronounced [PH:^][PH:p]. The adverb and adjective are pronounced [PH:^][PH:p]. (PREPOSITION, ADVERB, AND ADJECTIVE USES)
Up is often used with verbs of movement such as `jump' and `pull', and also in phrasal verbs such as `give up' and `wash up'.
Please look at category 22 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword.
1 prep If a person or thing goes up something such as a slope, ladder, or chimney, they move away from the ground or to a higher position., (Antonym: down)
They were climbing up a narrow mountain road..., I ran up the stairs and saw Alison lying at the top..., The heat disappears straight up the chimney.
Up is also an adverb., adv ADV after v, oft ADV prep/adv (Antonym: down)
Finally, after an hour, I went up to Jeremy's room..., Intense balls of flame rose up into the sky..., He put his hand up.
2 prep If a person or thing is up something such as a ladder or a mountain, they are near the top of it., (Antonym: down)
He was up a ladder sawing off the tops of his apple trees..., The Newton Hotel is halfway up a steep hill.
Up is also an adverb., adv ADV after v
...a research station perched 4000 metres up on the lip of the crater.
3 adv You use up to indicate that you are looking or facing in a direction that is away from the ground or towards a higher level.
ADV after v
Paul answered, without looking up..., Keep your head up, and look around you from time to time.
4 adv If someone stands up, they move so that they are standing.
ADV after v
He stood up and went to the window..., He got up and went out into the foyer.
5 prep If you go or look up something such as a road or river, you go or look along it. If you are up a road or river, you are somewhere along it.
v PREP n (Antonym: down)
A line of tanks came up the road from the city..., We leaned on the wooden rail of the bridge and looked up the river..., He had a relation who lived up the road.
6 adv If you are travelling to a particular place, you can say that you are going up to that place, especially if you are going towards the north or to a higher level of land. If you are already in such a place, you can say that you are up there.
mainly SPOKEN ADV after v, be ADV, oft ADV prep/adv
I'll be up to see you tomorrow..., He was living up North..., I live here now, but I've spent all my time up in Swaziland.
7 adv If you go up to something or someone, you move to the place where they are and stop there.
ADV after v, usu ADV to n
The girl ran the rest of the way across the street and up to the car..., On the way out a boy of about ten came up on roller skates..., He brought me up to the bar and introduced me to Dave.
8 adv If an amount of something goes up, it increases. If an amount of something is up, it has increased and is at a higher level than it was.
ADV after v, be ADV, oft ADV to/by amount (Antonym: down)
They recently put my rent up..., Tourism is up, jobs are up, individual income is up..., Germany's rate has also risen sharply, up from 3 percent to 4.5 percent..., Over the decade, women in this category went up by 120%.
9 adj If you are up, you are not in bed.
Are you sure you should be up?..., Soldiers are up at seven for three hours of exercises.
10 adj If a period of time is up, it has come to an end.
The moment the half-hour was up, Brooks rose..., When the six weeks were up, everybody was sad that she had to leave.
11 adj You say that a road is up when it is being repaired and cannot be used.
(BRIT) v-link ADJ
Half the road was up in Leadenhall Street, so their taxi was obliged to make a detour.
12 adj If a baseball player is up, it is their turn to bat.
13 adj If a computer or computer system is up, it is working. Compare down.
14 exclam People sometimes say `Up yours!' as an insult when you have said something to annoy them or make them angry.
INFORMAL, RUDE `Up yours,' said the reporter and stormed out into the street.
15 If someone who has been in bed for some time, for example because they have been ill, is up and about, they are now out of bed and living their normal life.
up and about phrase v-link PHR
How are you Lennox? Good to see you up and about.
16 If you say that something is up, you mean that something is wrong or that something worrying is happening.
sth is up phrase V inflects
What is it then? Something's up, isn't it?..., Mr. Gordon stopped talking, and his friends knew something was up.
17 If you say to someone `What's up?' or if you tell them what's up, you are asking them or telling them what is wrong or what is worrying them.
What's up? phrase
`What's up?', I said to him.<emdash10001`Nothing much,' he answered..., Let's sit down and then you can say what's up.
18 If you move up and down somewhere, you move there repeatedly in one direction and then in the opposite direction.
up and down phrase PHR after v
He continued to jump up and down like a boy at a football match..., I strolled up and down thoughtfully before calling a taxi..., There's a lot of rushing up and down the gangways.
19 If you have ups and downs, you experience a mixture of good things and bad things.
ups and downs phrase
Every relationship has a lot of ups and downs..., The organisation has had its ups and downs., ...the ups and downs of parenthood.
20 If something is on the up or on the up and up, it is becoming more successful.
on the up, on the up and up phrase usu v-link PHR
They're saying that the economy is on the up..., It was a great year for music, people had money, opportunities, hope<endash>things were on the up and up.
21 If someone is on the up and up, they are honest and sincere.
on the up and up phrase usu v-link PHR
I'm a pretty good judge of men. If you're honest and on the up and up, I'll be able to tell it.