hard worker significado, hard worker definición | diccionario de inglés definición

Collins

hard  

  ( harder    comparative)   ( hardest    superlative  )
1       adj   Something that is hard is very firm and stiff to touch and is not easily bent, cut, or broken.,   (Antonym: soft)    He shuffled his feet on the hard wooden floor..., Something cold and hard pressed into the back of his neck.     
  hardness      n-uncount   oft with poss  
He felt the hardness of the iron railing press against his spine.     
2       adj   Something that is hard is very difficult to do or deal with.  
oft it v-link ADJ to-inf, ADJ to-inf   (=difficult)     (Antonym: easy)    It's hard to tell what effect this latest move will have..., Our traveller's behaviour on the journey is hard to explain..., That's a very hard question.     
3       adv   If you work hard doing something, you are very active or work intensely, with a lot of effort.  
ADV after v  
I'll work hard. I don't want to let him down..., Am I trying too hard?     
      Hard is also an adjective., adj   ADJ n  
I admired him as a true scientist and hard worker.     
4       adj   Hard work involves a lot of activity and effort.  
Coping with three babies is very hard work..., Their work is hard and unglamorous, and most people would find it boring.     
5       adv   If you look, listen, or think hard, you do it carefully and with a great deal of attention.  
ADV after v  
You had to listen hard to hear the old man breathe...     
      Hard is also an adjective., adj   usu ADJ n  
It might be worth taking a long hard look at your frustrations and resentments.     
6       adv   If you strike or take hold of something hard, you strike or take hold of it with a lot of force.  
ADV after v  
I kicked a dustbin very hard and broke my toe.     
      Hard is also an adjective., adj   ADJ n  
He gave her a hard push which toppled her backwards into an armchair.     
7       adv   You can use hard to indicate that something happens intensely and for a long time.  
ADV after v  
I've never seen Terry laugh so hard..., It was snowing hard by then.     
8       adj   If a person or their expression is hard, they show no kindness or sympathy.  
usu ADJ n     (Antonym: gentle)    His father was a hard man...     
9       adj   If you are hard on someone, you treat them severely or unkindly.  
v-link ADJ on n     (Antonym: soft)    Don't be so hard on him.     
      Hard is also an adverb., adv   ADV after v  
He said the security forces would continue to crack down hard on the protestors.     
10       adj   If you say that something is hard on a person or thing, you mean it affects them in a way that is likely to cause them damage or suffering.  
v-link ADJ on n  
The grey light was hard on the eyes..., These last four years have been hard on them.     
11       adj   If you have a hard life or a hard period of time, your life or that period is difficult and unpleasant for you.   (=tough)  
It had been a hard life for her..., Those were hard times.     
  hardness      n-uncount   N of n  
In America, people don't normally admit to the hardness of life.     
12       adj   Hard evidence or facts are definitely true and do not need to be questioned.  
ADJ n  
There are probably fewer hard facts about the life of Henry Purcell than that of any other great composer since the Renaissance.     
13       adj   Hard water contains a lot of calcium compounds that stop soap making bubbles and sometimes appear as a deposit in kettles and baths.,   (Antonym: soft)   
14       adj   Hard drugs are very strong illegal drugs such as heroin or cocaine.  
ADJ n     (Antonym: soft)   
15    If you feel hard done by, you feel that you have not been treated fairly.  
  (BRIT)  
hard done by      phrase   v-link PHR  
The hall porter was feeling hard done by at having to extend his shift.     
16    If you say that something is hard going, you mean it is difficult and requires a lot of effort.  
be hard going      phrase   usu v-link PHR  
The talks had been hard going at the start.     
17    To be hard hitby something means to be affected very severely by it.  
be hard hit      phrase   usu v-link PHR  
California's been particularly hard hit by the recession.     
18    If someone plays hard to get, they pretend not to be interested in another person or in what someone is trying to persuade them to do.  
play hard to get      phrase   V inflects  
I wanted her and she was playing hard to get.     
19    If someone is hard putto do something or, in British English if they are hard pushedto do something, they have great difficulty doing it.  
be hard put/pushed to do sth      phrase   usu v-link PHR to-inf  
Mr Morton is undoubtedly cleverer than Mr Kirkby, but he will be hard put to match his popularity.     
20    If you take something hard, you are very upset or depressed by it.  
take sth hard      phrase   V inflects  
Maybe I just took it too hard.     


hard and fast     
If you say that there are no hard and fast rules, or that there is no hard and fast information about something, you are indicating that there are no fixed or definite rules or facts.      adj   usu with brd-neg, usu ADJ n   (=definite)  
There are no hard and fast rules, but rather traditional guidelines as to who pays for what...     
hard-bitten     
If you describe someone as hard-bitten, you are critical of them because they do not show much emotion or have much sympathy for other people, usually because they have experienced many unpleasant things.      adj   usu ADJ n     (disapproval)    (=tough)  
...a cynical hard-bitten journalist.     
hard-boiled   , hard boiled  
1       adj   A hard-boiled egg has been boiled in its shell until the whole of the inside is solid.  
2       adj   You use hard-boiled to describe someone who is tough and does not show much emotion.  
She's hard-boiled, tough and funny.     
hard cash     
Hard cash is money in the form of notes and coins as opposed to a cheque or a credit card.      n-uncount  
hard cider     
Hard cider is an alcoholic drink that is made from apples.  
  (AM)      n-uncount  
in BRIT, use cider     
hard copy        ( hard copies    plural  ) A hard copy of a document is a printed version of it, rather than a version that is stored on a computer.      n-var  
...eight pages of hard copy.     
hard core     
Hard core consists of pieces of broken stone that are used as a base on which to build roads.  
  (mainly BRIT)      n-uncount  
hard-core   , hardcore, hard core  
1       n-sing   You can refer to the members of a group who are the most committed to its activities or who are the most involved in them as a hard coreof members or as the hard-core members.  
oft N of n, N n  
We've got a hard core of customers that have stood by us..., A hard-core group of right-wing senators had hoped to sway their colleagues.     
2       adj   Hard-core pornography shows sex in a very detailed way, or shows very violent or unpleasant sex. Compare soft-core.  
ADJ n  
hard currency        ( hard currencies    plural  ) A hard currency is one which is unlikely to lose its value and so is considered to be a good one to have or to invest in.      n-var  
The government is running short of hard currency to pay for imports.     
hard disk        ( hard disks    plural  ) A computer's hard disk is a stiff magnetic disk on which data and programs can be stored.      n-count  
hard-drinking     
If you describe someone as a hard-drinking person, you mean that they frequently drink large quantities of alcohol.      adj   ADJ n  
hard-edged     
If you describe something such as a style, play, or article as hard-edged, you mean you admire it because it is powerful, critical, or unsentimental.      adj  
  (approval)   
(=uncompromising)  
...hard-edged drama.     
hard hat        ( hard hats    plural  ) A hard hat is a hat made from a hard material, which people wear to protect their heads on building sites or in factories, or when riding a horse.      n-count  
hard-headed     
You use hard-headed to describe someone who is practical and determined to get what they want or need, and who does not allow emotions to affect their actions.      adj   (=tough)  
...a hard-headed and shrewd businesswoman...     
hard-hearted     
If you describe someone as hard-hearted, you disapprove of the fact that they have no sympathy for other people and do not care if people are hurt or made unhappy.      adj  
  (disapproval)   
(=unfeeling)  
You would have to be pretty hard-hearted not to feel something for him.     
hard-hitting     
If you describe a report or speech as hard-hitting, you like the way it talks about difficult or serious matters in a bold and direct way.     (JOURNALISM)      adj   usu ADJ n     (approval)    In a hard-hitting speech to the IMF, he urged third world countries to undertake sweeping reforms.     
hard labour     
in AM, use hard labor     
Hard labour is hard physical work which people have to do as punishment for a crime.      n-uncount  
The sentence of the court was twelve years' hard labour, to be served in a British prison.     
hard left      , hard-left  
You use hard left to describe those members of a left wing political group or party who have the most extreme political beliefs.  
  (mainly BRIT)      n-sing   the N, oft N n  
...the hard-left view that foreign forces should not have been sent.     
in AM, usually use far left     
hard luck  
1       n-uncount   If you say that someone had some hard luck, or that a situation was hard luckon them, you mean that something bad happened to them and you are implying that it was not their fault.  
INFORMAL  
(=bad luck)  

We had a bit of hard luck this season...     
2       n-uncount   If someone says that a bad situation affecting you is just your hard luck, they do not care about it or think you should be helped, often because they think it is your fault.  
INFORMAL   poss N   (=tough luck)  
The shop assistants didn't really want to discuss the matter, saying it was just my hard luck.     
3       convention   You can say `hard luck' to someone to show that you are sorry they have not got or done something that they had wanted to get or do.  
INFORMAL, feelings  
(=tough luck)  

Hard luck, chaps, but don't despair too much.     
hard-nosed     
You use hard-nosed to describe someone who is tough and realistic, and who takes decisions on practical grounds rather than emotional ones.  
INFORMAL      adj   usu ADJ n   (=unsentimental)  
If nothing else, Doug is a hard-nosed businessman.     
hard of hearing     
Someone who is hard of hearing is not able to hear properly.      adj   usu v-link ADJ  
hard porn     
Hard porn is pornography that shows sex in a very detailed way, or shows very violent or unpleasant sex.      n-uncount  
hard-pressed   , hard pressed  
1       adj   If someone is hard-pressed, they are under a great deal of strain and worry, usually because they have not got enough money.     (JOURNALISM)  
The region's hard-pressed consumers are spending less on luxuries.     
2       adj   If you will be hard-pressedto do something, you will have great difficulty doing it.  
v-link ADJ to-inf  
This year the airline will be hard-pressed to make a profit.     
hard right      , hard-right  
You use hard right to describe those members of a right wing political group or party who have the most extreme political beliefs.  
  (mainly BRIT)      n-sing   the N, oft N n  
...the appearance of hard-right political groupings.     
in AM, usually use far right     
hard sell     
A hard sell is a method of selling in which the salesperson puts a lot of pressure on someone to make them buy something.      n-sing   oft N n  
...a double-glazing firm whose hard-sell techniques were exposed by a consumer programme.     
hard shoulder        ( hard shoulders    plural  ) Thehard shoulder is the area at the side of a motorway or other road where you are allowed to stop if your car breaks down.  
  (mainly BRIT)      n-count   usu the N in sing  
in AM, use shoulder     
hard up      , hard-up  
If you are hard up, you have very little money.  
INFORMAL      adj  
  (Antonym: well-off)   
Her parents were very hard up.     
hard-wearing      , hard wearing  
Something that is hard-wearing is strong and well-made so that it lasts for a long time and stays in good condition even though it is used a lot.  
  (mainly BRIT)      adj  
...hard-wearing cotton shirts.     
in AM, use long-wearing     
hard-wired   , hardwired  
1       adj   A hard-wired part of a computer forms part of its hardware.  
2       adj   If an ability, approach, or type of activity is hard-wiredinto the brain, it is a basic one and cannot be changed.  
Others think that the rules for what is `musical' are hard-wired in our brains to some degree.     
hard-won     
If you describe something that someone has gained or achieved as hard-won, you mean that they worked hard to gain or achieve it.      adj   usu ADJ n  
The dispute could destroy Australia's hard-won reputation for industrial stability.     
hard-working      , hardworking  
If you describe someone as hard-working, you mean that they work very hard.      adj  
He was hardworking and energetic.     
rock-hard      , rock hard  
Something that is rock-hard is very hard indeed.      adj  
During the dry season the land is rock hard.     
Traducción diccionario Collins Ingles - Cobuild  
Diccionario colaborativo     Inglés Cobuild
n.
grunt work is hard, uninteresting work
US informal
n.
[in Thailand] young male transsexual (often a sex worker)
n.
annoying, arduous, bothersome, burdensome, demanding, difficult, harassing, hard, importunate, inconvenient, irksome, irritating, laborious, oppressive, pestilential, plaguy
n.
A moulding commonly used in framing oil paintings. The liner is fixed inside the frame and appears between the image and the outer frame. Generally made out of wood or some other hard material, the liner may have fabric glued down to it. Liners are to canvases what a mat/mount is to a print on paper
[Artwork framing] Polystyrene or wood liner. Fabric-covered liner. Linen liner. Gold liner.
n.
1. [Rel.] expression used to describe metaphorically a period of ignorance and spiritual crisis that precedes the communion with Divinity ; 2. in a larger meaning, it is used when refering to having a hard time, going through a phase of pessimism, sadness, failure etc.

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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"