Thomson definición, Thomson significado | diccionario de inglés definición

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Thomson  


      n  
1    Sir George Paget, son of Joseph John Thomson. 1892--1975, British physicist, who discovered (1927) the diffraction of electrons by crystals: shared the Nobel prize for physics 1937  
2    James. 1700--48, Scottish poet. He anticipated the romantics' feeling for nature in The Seasons (1726--30)  
3    James, pen name B.V. 1834--82, British poet, born in Scotland, noted esp. for The City of Dreadful Night (1874), reflecting man's isolation and despair  
4    Sir Joseph John. 1856--1940, British physicist. He discovered the electron (1897) and his work on the nature of positive rays led to the discovery of isotopes: Nobel prize for physics 1906  
5    Roy, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet. 1894--1976, British newspaper proprietor, born in Canada  
6    Virgil. 1896--1989, U.S. composer, music critic, and conductor, whose works include two operas, Four Saints in Three Acts (1928) and The Mother of Us All (1947), piano sonatas, a cello concerto, songs, and film music  
7       Sir William. See (1st Baron)       Kelvin  


Joule-Thomson effect  
      n   a change in temperature of a thermally insulated gas when it is forced through a small hole or a porous material. For each gas there is a temperature of inversion above which the change is positive and below which it is negative,   (Also called)    Joule-Kelvin effect  
     (C20: named after J. P. Joule and Sir William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin)  
Thomson effect  
      n     (Physics)   the phenomenon in which a temperature gradient along a metallic (or semiconductor) wire or strip causes an electric potential gradient to form along its length  
     (named after Sir William Thomson)  
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