africa definición, africa significado | diccionario de inglés definición

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Africa  


      n   the second largest of the continents, on the Mediterranean in the north, the Atlantic in the west, and the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Indian Ocean in the east. The Sahara desert divides the continent unequally into North Africa (an early centre of civilization, in close contact with Europe and W Asia, now inhabited chiefly by Arabs) and Africa south of the Sahara (relatively isolated from the rest of the world until the 19th century and inhabited chiefly by Negroid peoples). It was colonized mainly in the 18th and 19th centuries by Europeans and now comprises independent nations. The largest lake is Lake Victoria and the chief rivers are the Nile, Niger, Congo, and Zambezi. Pop.: 755919000 (1998 est.). Area: about 30300000 sq. km (11700000 sq. miles)  


British East Africa  
      n   the former British possessions of Uganda, Kenya, Tanganyika, and Zanzibar, before their independence in the 1960s  
British West Africa  
      n   the former British possessions of Nigeria, The Gambia, Sierra Leone, and the Gold Coast, and the former trust territories of Togoland and Cameroons  
East Africa  
      n   a region of Africa comprising Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania  
  East African      adj, n  
French Equatorial Africa  
      n   the former French overseas territories of Chad, Gabon, Middle Congo, and Ubangi-Shari (1910--58)  
French North Africa  
      n   the former French possessions of Algeria, French Morocco, and Tunisia  
French West Africa  
      n   a former group (1895--1958) of French Overseas Territories: consisted of Senegal, Mauritania, French Sudan, Burkina-Faso, Niger, French Guinea, the Ivory Coast, and Dahomey  
German East Africa  
      n   a former German territory in E Africa, consisting of Tanganyika and Ruanda-Urundi: divided in 1919 between Great Britain and Belgium; now in Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi  
Horn of Africa  
      n   a region of NE Africa, comprising Somalia and adjacent territories  
Italian East Africa  
      n   a former Italian territory in E Africa, formed in 1936 from the possessions of Eritrea, Italian Somaliland, and Ethiopia: taken by British forces in 1941  
North Africa  
      n   the part of Africa between the Mediterranean and the Sahara: consists chiefly of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and N Egypt  
  North African      adj, n  
Portuguese East Africa  
      n      a former name (until 1975) of       Mozambique  
Portuguese West Africa  
      n      a former name (until 1975) of       Angola  
South Africa  
      n   Republic of. a republic occupying the southernmost part of the African continent: the Dutch Cape Colony (1652) was acquired by Britain in 1806 and British victory in the Boer War resulted in the formation of the Union of South Africa in 1910, which became a republic in 1961; implementation of the apartheid system began in 1948 and was abolished, following an intense civil rights campaign, in 1993 with multiracial elections held in 1994; a member of the Commonwealth, it withdrew in 1961 but was re-admitted in 1994. Mainly plateau with mountains in the south and east. Mineral production includes gold, diamonds, coal, and copper. Official languages: Afrikaans; English; Ndebele; Pedi; South Sotho; Swazi; Tsonga; Tswana; Venda; Xhosa; Zulu. Religion: Christian majority. Currency: rand. Capitals: Cape Town (legislative), Pretoria (administrative), Bloemfontein (judicial). Pop.: 42835000 (1998 est.). Area: 1221044 sq. km (471445 sq. miles),   (Former name (1910--61))    Union of South Africa  
South West Africa  
      n      another name for       Namibia  
Spanish West Africa  
      n   a former overseas territory of Spain in NW Africa: divided in 1958 into the overseas provinces of Ifni and Spanish Sahara  
  Spanish West African      adj, n  
Union of South Africa  
      n      the former name (1910--61) of the (Republic of)       South Africa  
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