oil definición, oil significado | diccionario de inglés definición

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Collins

oil

  

      n  
1    any of a number of viscous liquids with a smooth sticky feel. They are usually flammable, insoluble in water, soluble in organic solvents, and are obtained from plants and animals, from mineral deposits, and by synthesis. They are used as lubricants, fuels, perfumes, foodstuffs, and raw materials for chemicals  
   See also       essential oil       fixed oil  
2   
a       another name for       petroleum  
b    (as modifier)  
an oil engine, an oil rig     
3   
a      (Also called)    lubricating oil   any of a number of substances usually derived from petroleum and used for lubrication  
b    (in combination)  
an oilcan, an oilstone     
c    (as modifier)  
an oil pump     
4      (Also called)    fuel oil   a petroleum product used as a fuel in domestic heating, industrial furnaces, marine engines, etc.  
5      (Brit)  
a    paraffin, esp. when used as a domestic fuel  
b    (as modifier)  
an oil lamp, an oil stove     
6    any substance of a consistency resembling that of oil  
oil of vitriol     
7    the solvent, usually linseed oil, with which pigments are mixed to make artists' paints  
8   
a    often pl   oil colour or paint  
b    (as modifier)  
an oil painting     
9    an oil painting  
10    the good (dinkum) oil     (Austral. and N.Z.)  
slang   facts or news  
11    strike oil  
a    to discover petroleum while drilling for it  
b    Informal   to become very rich or successful  
      vb   tr  
12    to lubricate, smear, polish, etc., with oil or an oily substance  
13    Informal   to bribe (esp. in the phrase oil someone's palm)  
14    oil the wheels   to make things run smoothly  
15       See       well-oiled  
     (C12: from Old French oile, from Latin oleum (olive) oil, from olea olive tree, from Greek elaia olive)  
  oil-like      adj  


banana oil  
      n  
1    a solution of cellulose nitrate in pentyl acetate or a similar solvent, which has a banana-like smell  
2       a nontechnical name for       pentyl acetate  
bone oil  
      n   a dark brown pungent oil, containing pyridine and hydrocarbons, obtained by the destructive distillation of bones  
camphorated oil  
      n   a liniment consisting of camphor and peanut oil, used as a counterirritant  
carron oil  
      n   an ointment of limewater and linseed oil, formerly used to treat burns  
     (C19: named after Carron, Scotland, where it was used among the ironworkers)  
castor oil  
      n   a colourless or yellow glutinous oil obtained from the seeds of the castor-oil plant and used as a fine lubricant and as a cathartic  
castor-oil plant  
      n   a tall euphorbiaceous Indian plant, Ricinus communis, cultivated in tropical regions for ornament and for its poisonous seeds, from which castor oil is extracted,   (Also called (U.S. and Canadian))    castor bean  
Chinese wood oil  
      n      another name for       tung oil  
clove oil  
      n   a volatile pale-yellow aromatic oil obtained from clove flowers, formerly much used in confectionery, dentistry, and microscopy,   (Also called)    oil of cloves  
coal oil  
      n  
1      (U.S. and Canadian)   petroleum or a refined product from petroleum, esp. kerosene  
2    a crude oil produced, together with coal gas, during the distillation of bituminous coal  
coconut oil  
      n   the fatty oil obtained from the meat of the coconut and used for making soap, cosmetics, etc.  
cod-liver oil  
      n   an oil extracted from the livers of cod and related fish, rich in vitamins A and D and used to treat deficiency of these vitamins  
colza oil  
      n   the oil obtained from the seeds of the rape plant and used in making lubricants and synthetic rubber  
corn oil  
      n   an oil prepared from maize, used in cooking and in making soaps, lubricants, etc.  
cottonseed oil  
      n   a yellowish or dark red oil with a nutlike smell, extracted or expelled from cottonseed, used in cooking and in the manufacture of paints, soaps, etc.  
croton oil  
      n   a yellowish-brown oil obtained from the plant Croton tiglium, formerly used as a drastic purgative  
   See also       croton       1  
crude oil  
      n   petroleum before it has been refined  
diesel oil   , fuel  
      n   a fuel obtained from petroleum distillation that is used in diesel engines. It has a relatively low ignition temperature (540°C) and is ignited by the heat of compression,   (Also called (Brit.))    derv      See also       cetane number  
drying oil  
      n   one of a number of animal or vegetable oils, such as linseed oil, that harden by oxidation on exposure to air: used as a base for some paints and varnishes  
enhanced oil recovery  
      n   any of several techniques that make it possible to recover more oil than can be obtained by natural pressure, such as the injection of fluid or gases into an oilfield to force more oil to the surface  
essential oil  
      n   any of various volatile organic oils present in plants, usually containing terpenes and esters and having the odour or flavour of the plant from which they are extracted: used in flavouring and perfumery  
   Compare       fixed oil  
  
See also  
    oleoresin  
evening primrose oil  
      n   an oil, obtained from the seeds of the evening primrose, that is claimed to stimulate the production of prostaglandins  
fatty oil  
      n      another name for       fixed oil  
fixed oil  
      n   a natural animal or vegetable oil that is not volatile: a mixture of esters of fatty acids, usually triglycerides,   (Also called)    fatty oil      Compare       essential oil  
fuel oil  
      n   a liquid petroleum product having a flash point above 37.8°C: used as a substitute for coal in industrial furnaces, domestic heaters, ships, and locomotives  
fusel oil   , fusel  
      n   a mixture of amyl alcohols, propanol, and butanol: a by-product in the distillation of fermented liquors used as a source of amyl alcohols  
     (C19: from German Fusel bad spirits)  
gas oil  
      n   a fuel oil obtained in the distillation of petroleum, intermediate in viscosity and boiling point between paraffin and lubricating oils. It boils above about 250°C  
good oil  
      n   usually preceded by: the     (Austral)  
slang   true or reliable facts, information, etc.  
heavy oil  
      n   a hydrocarbon mixture, heavier than water, distilled from coal tar  
langue d'oïl     (French)  
      n   the group of medieval French dialects spoken in France north of the Loire; the medieval basis of modern French  
     (literally: language of oïl (the northern form for yes), ultimately from Latin hoc ille (fecit) this he (did))  
linseed oil  
      n   a yellow oil extracted from seeds of the flax plant. It has great drying qualities and is used in making oil paints, printer's ink, linoleum, etc.  
Macassar oil  
      n   an oily preparation formerly put on the hair to make it smooth and shiny  
     (C19: so called because its ingredients were originally claimed to have come from Makasar)  
mineral oil  
      n  
1      (Brit)   any oil of mineral origin, esp. petroleum  
2       a U.S. and Canadian name for       liquid paraffin  
mustard oil  
      n   an oil that is obtained from mustard seeds and used in making soap  
neat's-foot oil  
      n   a yellow fixed oil obtained by boiling the feet and shinbones of cattle and used esp. to dress leather  
neroli oil   , neroli  
      n   a brown oil distilled from the flowers of various orange trees, esp. the Seville orange: used in perfumery  
     (C17: named after Anne Marie de la Tremoïlle of Neroli, French-born Italian princess believed to have discovered it)  
nut oil  
      n   oil obtained from walnuts, hazelnuts, etc., used in paints and varnishes and in cooking  
oil beetle  
      n   any of various beetles of the family Meloidae that exude an oily evil-smelling blood from their joints, which deters enemies  
oil cake  
      n   stock feed consisting of compressed cubes made from the residue of the crushed seeds of oil-bearing crops such as linseed  
oil-cooled  
      adj     (Engineering, etc.)   (of an engine, apparatus, etc.) having its heat removed by the circulation of oil  
  oil cooler      n  
oil drum  
      n   a metal drum used to contain or transport oil  
oil hardening  
      n   a process of hardening high-carbon or alloy steels by heating and cooling in oil  
   Compare       air hardening  
oil of turpentine  
      n      another name for       turpentine       3  
oil of vitriol  
      n      another name for       sulphuric acid  
oil paint   , colour  
      n   paint made of pigment ground in oil, usually linseed oil, used for oil painting  
oil painting  
      n  
1    a picture painted with oil paints  
2    the art or process of painting with oil paints  
3    he's or she's no oil painting  
Informal   he or she is not good-looking  
oil palm  
      n   a tropical African palm tree, Elaeis guineensis, the fruits of which yield palm oil  
oil rig  
      n      See       rig       6  
Oil Rivers  
      pl n   the delta of the Niger River in S Nigeria  
oil sand  
      n   a sandstone impregnated with hydrocarbons, esp. such deposits in Alberta, Canada  
oil-seed rape  
      n      another name for       rape   2  
oil shale  
      n   a fine-grained shale containing oil, which can be extracted by heating  
oil slick  
      n   a mass of floating oil covering an area of water, esp. oil that has leaked or been discharged from a ship  
oil varnish  
      n      another name for       varnish       1  
oil well  
      n   a boring into the earth or sea bed for the extraction of petroleum  
oleo oil  
      n   an oil extracted from beef fat, consisting mainly of a mixture of olein and palmitin. It is used in the manufacture of margarine  
olive oil  
      n   a pale yellow oil pressed from ripe olive fruits and used in cooking, medicines, soaps, etc.  
palm oil  
      n   a yellow butter-like oil obtained from the fruit of the oil palm, used as an edible fat and in soap  
palm-oil chop  
      n   a W African dish made with meat and palm oil  
peanut oil  
      n   oil that is made from peanut seeds and used for cooking, in soaps, and in pharmaceutical products  
rapeseed oil  
      n   oil extracted from rapeseed, used as a lubricant, as a constituent of soaps, etc,   (Also called)    rape oil, colza oil  
rock oil  
      n      another name for       petroleum  
rosin oil  
      n   a yellowish fluorescent oily liquid obtained from certain resins, used in the manufacture of carbon black, varnishes, and lacquers,   (Also called)    rosinol, retinol  
sassafras oil  
      n   a clear volatile oil that is extracted from the root of the sassafras tree and contains camphor, pinene, and safrole  
shale oil  
      n   an oil distilled from shales and used as fuel  
sperm oil  
      n   an oil obtained from the head of the sperm whale, used as a lubricant  
stand oil  
      n   a thick drying oil made by heating linseed, tung, or soya to over 300°C: used in oil enamel paints  
strap-oil  
      n  
Slang   a beating  
sweet oil  
      n      another name for       olive oil  
tall oil  
      n   any of various oily liquid mixtures obtained by acidifying the liquor resulting from the treatment of wood pulp with sodium hydroxide: it contains chiefly rosin acids and fatty acids and is used in making soaps and lubricants  
     (C20: partial translation of German Tallöl, from Swedish tallolja, from tall pine + olja oil)  
train oil  
      n   oil obtained from the blubber of various marine animals, esp. the whale  
     (C16: from earlier train or trane, from Middle Low German tran or Middle Dutch traen tear, exudation)  
tung oil  
      n   a fast-drying oil obtained from the seeds of a central Asian euphorbiaceous tree, Aleurites fordii, used in paints, varnishes, etc., as a drying agent and to give a water-resistant finish,   (Also called)    Chinese wood oil  
     (partial translation of Chinese yu t'ung tung tree oil, from yu oil + t'ung tung tree)  
vegetable oil  
      n   any of a group of oils that are esters of fatty acids and glycerol and are obtained from plants  
volatile oil  
      n      another name for       essential oil  
whale oil  
      n   oil obtained either from the blubber of whales (train oil) or the head of the sperm whale (sperm oil)  
Diccionario de inglés definición  
Collins

oil

  

      vb   grease, lubricate  

Diccionario de inglés sinónimos  

Diccionario colaborativo     Inglés Definiciones
abbr. acron.
extra virgin olive oil
n.
1) Light sesame seed oil 2) Sesame seeds from Hindi jingali
n.
A moulding commonly used in framing oil paintings. The liner is fixed inside the frame and appears between the image and the outer frame. Generally made out of wood or some other hard material, the liner may have fabric glued down to it. Liners are to canvases what a mat/mount is to a print on paper
[Artwork framing] Polystyrene or wood liner. Fabric-covered liner. Linen liner. Gold liner.
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