 # theorem definición, theorem significado | diccionario de inglés definición

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n     (Maths, logic)   a statement or formula that can be deduced from the axioms of a formal system by means of its rules of inference
(C16: from Late Latin theorema, from Greek: something to be viewed, from theorein to view)
theorematic

Bayes' theorem
n     (Statistics)   the fundamental result which expresses the conditional probability P(E/A) of an event E given an event A as P(A/E).P(E)/P(A); more generally, where En is one of a set of values Ei which partition the sample space, P(En/A) = P(A/En)P(En)/Σ P(A/Ei)P(Ei). This enables prior estimates of probability to be continually revised in the light of observations
(C20: named after Thomas Bayes (1702--61), English mathematician and Presbyterian minister)
binomial theorem
n   a mathematical theorem that gives the expansion of any binomial raised to a positive integral power, n. It contains n + 1 terms: (x + a)n = xn + nxn--1 a + [n(n--1)/2] xn--2a2 +...+ (nk) xn--kak + ... + an, where (nk) = n!/(n--k)!k!, the number of combinations of k items selected from n
central limit theorem
n     (Statistics)   the fundamental result that the sum (or mean) of independent identically distributed random variables with finite variance approaches a normally distributed random variable as their number increases, whence in particular if enough samples are repeatedly drawn from any population, the sum of the sample values can be thought of, approximately, as an outcome from a normally distributed random variable
deduction theorem
n     (Logic)   the property of many formal systems that the conditional derived from a valid argument by taking the conjunction of the premises as antecedent and the conclusion as consequent is true
Fermat's last theorem
n   (in number theory) the hypothesis that the equation xn + yn = zn has no integral solutions for n greater than two
Nernst heat theorem
n   the principle that reactions in crystalline solids involve changes in entropy that tend to zero as the temperature approaches absolute zero
See       law of thermodynamics       1
Poynting theorem
n   the theorem that the rate of flow of electromagnetic energy through unit area is equal to the Poynting vector, i.e. the cross product of the electric and magnetic field intensities
(C19: named after John Henry Poynting (1852--1914), English physicist)
Pythagoras' theorem
n   the theorem that in a right-angled triangle the square of the length of the hypotenuse equals the sum of the squares of the other two sides Gresham's law   , theorem
n   the economic hypothesis that bad money drives good money out of circulation; the superior currency will tend to be hoarded and the inferior will thus dominate the circulation
(C16: named after Sir T. Gresham)

Bayes' theorem
n     (Statistics)   the fundamental result which expresses the conditional probability P(E/A) of an event E given an event A as P(A/E).P(E)/P(A); more generally, where En is one of a set of values Ei which partition the sample space, P(En/A) = P(A/En)P(En)/Σ P(A/Ei)P(Ei). This enables prior estimates of probability to be continually revised in the light of observations
(C20: named after Thomas Bayes (1702--61), English mathematician and Presbyterian minister)
binomial theorem
n   a mathematical theorem that gives the expansion of any binomial raised to a positive integral power, n. It contains n + 1 terms: (x + a)n = xn + nxn--1 a + [n(n--1)/2] xn--2a2 +...+ (nk) xn--kak + ... + an, where (nk) = n!/(n--k)!k!, the number of combinations of k items selected from n
central limit theorem
n     (Statistics)   the fundamental result that the sum (or mean) of independent identically distributed random variables with finite variance approaches a normally distributed random variable as their number increases, whence in particular if enough samples are repeatedly drawn from any population, the sum of the sample values can be thought of, approximately, as an outcome from a normally distributed random variable
deduction theorem
n     (Logic)   the property of many formal systems that the conditional derived from a valid argument by taking the conjunction of the premises as antecedent and the conclusion as consequent is true
Fermat's last theorem
n   (in number theory) the hypothesis that the equation xn + yn = zn has no integral solutions for n greater than two
Nernst heat theorem
n   the principle that reactions in crystalline solids involve changes in entropy that tend to zero as the temperature approaches absolute zero
See       law of thermodynamics       1
Poynting theorem
n   the theorem that the rate of flow of electromagnetic energy through unit area is equal to the Poynting vector, i.e. the cross product of the electric and magnetic field intensities
(C19: named after John Henry Poynting (1852--1914), English physicist)
Pythagoras' theorem
n   the theorem that in a right-angled triangle the square of the length of the hypotenuse equals the sum of the squares of the other two sides
theorem
n     (Maths, logic)   a statement or formula that can be deduced from the axioms of a formal system by means of its rules of inference
(C16: from Late Latin theorema, from Greek: something to be viewed, from theorein to view)
theorematic ## theorem

deduction, dictum, formula, hypothesis, principle, proposition, rule, statement

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